There were four main battles around Ypres. The third one is known as the Battle of Passchendaele.


A British assault, it began on 7 June 1917 with the capture of the Messines Ridge, a dominant feature that extended northwards towards the German held Passchendaele Ridge..


Next there was a delay as preparations were made for the second part of the battle, and it was not until 31 July that. the assault continued towards Passchendaele itself, which was eventually occupied some 16 weeks later, after fighting which had taken place in almost continuous rain - leading to much critiscism of British generalship.


British losses were over 300,000 and German were estimated at between 65,000 and 260,000


Our Major and Mrs Holt's Battlefield Guide Book Ypres Salient covers the area in great detail, and comes with a pull-out battlefield map.